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De mindfulness-MBSR- training is zon 40 jaar geleden ontwikkeld door Dr.  Jon Kabat-Zinn, hoogleraar aan de University of Massachusetts Medical in de USA. Kabat-Zinn richtte zich aanvankelijk op uitbehandelde patiënten met chronische pijn en/of stressklachten, om hen te leren omgaan met hun pijn, hun zorgen en verdriet daarover.
Zo ontwikkelde hij een trainingsmodel van acht weken waarin inzichten en oefeningen uit het Oosten worden gecombineerd met Westerse methoden. De MBSR training is wetenschappelijk bewezen. Zie verder hierna.


Stress en kwaliteit van leven

  • Astin, J.A. (1997). Stress reduction through mindfulness meditation. Effects on psychological symptomatology, sense of control, and spiritual experiences. Psychotherapy and  sychosomatics, 66, 97–106.

  • Carlson, L., Ursuliak, Z., Goodey, E., Angen, M., & Speca, M. (2001). The effects of mindfulness meditation-based stress reduction program on mood and symptoms of stress in cancer outpatients: 6-month follow-up. Supportive care in Cancer, 9, 112-123.

  • Chiesa, A., & Serretti, A. (2009). Mindfulness-based stress reduction for stress management in healthy people: A review and meta-analysis. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 15, 593-600

  • van den Hurk, D. G., Schellekens, M. P., Molema, J., Speckens, A. E., & van der Drift, M. A. (2015). Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction for lung cancer patients and their partners: Results of a mixed methods pilot study. Palliative medicine, 0269216315572720

  • Irving, J. A., Dobkin, P. L., & Park, J. (2009). Cultivating mindfulness in health care professionals: A review of empirical studies of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR). Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, 15, 61-66.

  • Ledesma, D., & Kumano, H. (2009). Mindfulness-based stress reduction and cancer: a meta-analyses. Psycho-Oncolgy, 18, 571-579.

  • Monti, D. A., Peterson, C., Shakin Kunkel, E. J., Hauck, W. W., Pequignot, E.,  Rhodes, L., et al. (2005). A randomized, controlled trial of Mindfulness-Based Art Therapy (MBAT)  for women with cancer. Psycho-Oncology, 14, 1–11.


  • McManus, F., Surawy, C., Muse, K., Vazquez-Montes, M., & Williams, J. M. (2012). A randomized clinical trial of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy versus unrestricted services for health anxiety (hypochondriasis). J Consult Clin Psychol, 80(5), 817-828.

  • Speca, M., Carlson, L., Goodey, E., & Angen, M. (2000). A randomized, wait-list controlled clinical trial: The effect of a mindfulness meditation-based stress reduction program on mood an symptoms of stress in cancer outpatients. Psychosomatic Medicine, 62,  613-622.

  • Schroevers, R., & Brandsma, R. (2010). Is learning mindfulness associated with improved affect after mindfulness-based cognitive therapy? British Journal of Psychology, 101, 95-107.

  • Shapiro, S. L., Schwartz, G. E., & Bonner, G. (1998). Effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction on medical and premedical students. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 21, 581-599.

  • Tacon, A. M., McComb, J., Caldera, Y., & Randolph, P. (2003). Mindfulness meditation, anxiety reduction, and heart disease: a pilot study. Family & Community Health, 26, 25-33.

  • Williams, K. A., Kolar, M.M., Reger, B. E., & Pearson, J. C. (2001). Evaluation of a Wellness-Based Mindfulness Stress Reduction intervention: A controlled trial. American Journal of Health Promotion, 15, 422-432.


Stress en werksetting

  • Bond, F.W., Lloyd, J., & Guenole, N. (2013) The work-related acceptance and action questionnaire: Initial psychometric findings and their implications for measuring psychological flexibility in specific contexts. J Occup Organ Psychol, 86, 331–347.

  • Dane, E. (2011) Paying Attention to Mindfulness and Its Effects on Task Performance in the Workplace. Journal of Management, 37, 997–1018.

  • Flaxman, P. E., & Bond, F. W. (2006). <em "="">Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) in the workplace. In R. A. Baer (Ed.), Mindfulness-based treatment approaches: Clinician’s guide to evidence base and applications (pp. 377-402). San Diego, CA: Elsevier Academic Press.

  • Flaxman, P.E. & Bond, F.W. (2010) Worksite stress management training: Moderated effects and clinical significance. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 15, 347–358.

  • Klatt, M.D., Buckworth, J., & Malarkey, W.B. (2009) Effects of Low-Dose Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR-ld) on Working Adults. Health Education & Behavior, 36, 601–614.

  • Malarkey, W.B., Jarjoura, D., & Klatt, M. (2013) Workplace based mindfulness practice and inflammation: A randomized trial. Brain Behavior and Immunity, 27, 145–154.

  • Prins, B. & Decuypere, A. (2013) Mindfulness Is Goed Voor Alles en 7 Andere Mythes. Lannoo, Tielt, 2013

  • Williams, K. (2006). Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) in a worksite wellness program. In R. A. Bear (Ed.), Mindfulness-based treatment  approaches: Clinician’s guide to evidence base and applications (pp. 361- 376). San Diego, CA: Elsevier Academic Press.

  • Wolever, R.Q., Bobinet, K.J., McCabe, K., Mackenzie, E.R., Fekete, E., Kusnick, C.A., & Baime, M. (2012) Effective and viable mind-body stress reduction in the workplace: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 17, 246–258.


Opvoeding en gezin


  • Bögels, S., Hoogstad, B., van Dun, L., de Schutter, S., & Restifo, K. (2008). Mindfulness training for adolescents with externalizing disorders, and their parents. Behavioral and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 36, 1-17.

  • Harrison, L. J., Manocha, R., & Rubia, K. (2004). Sahaja yoga meditation as a family treatment program for children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 9, 479-497.

  • Semple, R. J., Reid, E. F. G., Miller, L. (2005). Treating anxiety with mindfulness: An open trial of mindfulness training for anxious children. Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy: An International Quarterly, 19, 379-392.

  • Singh, N. N., Lancioni, G. E., Winton, A. S. W., Fisher, B. C., Wahler, R. G., Mcaleavey, K., Singh, J., & Sabaawi, M. (2006). Mindful Parenting decreases aggression, noncompliance, and self-injury in children with autism. Journal of emotional and behavioural disorders, 14, 169-177.

  • Singh, N. N., Lancioni, G. E., Winton, A. S. W., Singh, J., Curtis, W. J., Wahler, R. G., & McAleavey, K. M. (2007). Mindful Parenting decreases aggression and increases social behavior in children with developmental disabilities. Behavior Modification, 31, 749-771.


Aandacht en concentratie

  • Davidson, R. J., Kabat-Zinn, J., Schumacher, J., Rosenkranz, M., Muller, D., Santorelli, S. F., et al. (2003). Alterations in brain and immune function produced by mindfulness meditation. Psychosomatic Medicine, 65, 564-570.

  • Ivanovski, B., & Malhi, G. (2007). The psychological and neurophysiological concomitants of mindfulness forms of meditation. Acta Neuropsychiatrica, 19,76-91.

  • Jha, A. P., Krompinger, J., & Baime, M. M. (2007). Mindfulness training modifies subsystems of attention. Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience, 7, 109-119.

  • Tang, Y. U., Ma, Y., Wang, J., Fan, Y., Feng, S., Lu, Q., et al. (2007). Short-term meditation training improves attention and self-regulation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 104, 17152-17156.

  • Valentine, E. R., & Sweet, P. L. G. (1999). Meditation and attention: A comparison of  the effects of concentrative and mindfulness meditation on sustained attention. Mental Health, Religion and Culture, 2, 59-70.

  • Hölzel BK, Carmody J, Vangel M, Congleton C, Yerramsetti SM, Gard T, Lazar SW. Mindfulness practice leads to increases in regional brain gray matter density. 

  • Psychiatry Res. 2011 Jan 30; 191(1):36-43. Epub 2010 Nov 10. Source: Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.



  • Kristeller, J. L., Quillian-Wolever, R., & Sheets, V. (2005). Mindfulness-based eating  awareness therapy (MB-EAT): A randomized trial with binge eating disorder.

  • Safer, D. L., Telch, C. F., & Agras, W. S. (2001). Dialectical behavior therapy for bulimia nervosa. American Journal of Psychiatry, 158, 632-634.

  • Tapper, K., Shaw, C., Ilsley, J., Hill, A. J., Bond, F. W., & Moore, L. (2009). Exploratory randomised controlled trial of a mindfulness-based weight loss intervention for women. Appetite, 52, 396-404.

  • Telch, C. F., Agras, W. S., & Linehan, M. M. (2001). Dialetical behavior therapy for  binge eating disorder. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 69, 1061-1065.


Depressieve klachten

  • ​van Aalderen, J. R., Donders, A. R. T., Peffer, K., & Speckens, A. E. (2015). Long-term outcome of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy in recurrently epressed patients with and without a depressive episode at baseline. Depression and anxiety, 00:1-7

  • Finucane, A., & Mercer, S. W. (2006). An exploratory mixed methods study of the acceptability and effectiveness of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for  patients with active depression and anxiety in primary care. BMC Psychiatry, 6.

  • Kenny, M., & Williams, J. (2007). Treatment-resistent depressed patients showed  good response to Mindfulnes-based Cognitive Therapy. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 45, 617-625.

  • Kuyken, W., Hayes, R., Barrett, B., Byng, R., Dalgleish, T., Kessler, D., … & Byford, S. (2015). Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy compared with maintenance antidepressant treatment in the prevention of depressive relapse or recurrence (PREVENT): a randomised controlled trial. The Lancet.

  • Kuyken, W., Taylor, R. S., Barrett, B., Evans, A., Byford, S. W., Holden, E., et al. (2008). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy to prevent relapse in recurrent depression. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Pyschology,76, 966-978.

  • Teasdale, J., Segal, Z., Williams, J. R., Soulsby, J., & Lau, M. (2000). Prevention of  relapse/recurrence in major depression by mindfulness-based cognitive therapy.  Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 68, 615-623.




  • Hoge, E. A., Bui, E., Marques, L., Metcalf, C. A., Morris, L. K., Robinaugh, D. J., … & Simon, N. M. (2013). Randomized controlled trial of mindfulness meditation for generalized anxiety disorder: effects on anxiety and stress reactivity. The Journal of clinical psychiatry, 74(8), 786.


  • Miller, J. J., Fletcher, K., & Kabat-Zinn, J. (1995). Three- year follow-up and clinical  implications of a mindfulness meditation-based stress reduction intervention in  the treatment of anxiety disorders. Gen Hosp Psychiatry, 17, 192-200.


  • Roemer, L., Orsillo, S. M., & Salters-Pedneault, K. (2008). Efficacy of an acceptancebased behaviour therapy for generalized anxiety disorder: Evaluation in a  randomized controlled trail. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 76, 1083-1089.


Andere gezondheidsklachten

  • Bach, P., & Hayes, S. C. (2002). The use of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy to prevent the rehospitalization of psychotic patients: A randomized controlled trail. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 70, 1129-1139.

  • Bowen, S., Chawla, N., Collins, S. E., Witkiewitz, K., Hsu, S., Grow, J., et al. (2009). Mindfulness-based relapse prevention for substance use disorders: A pilot efficacy trail. Substance Abus, 30, 295-305.

  • Bowen, S., Witkiewitz, K., Dillwoth, T. M., Chawla, N., Simpson, T. L., Ostafin, B. D., Larimer, M. E., Blume, A. W., Parks, G. A., Marlatt, G. A. (2006). Mindfulness meditation and substance use in an incarcerated population. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 20, 343-347.

  • Chadwick, P., Taylor, K. N., & Abba, N. (2005). Mindfulness groups for people with psychosis.  Behavioral and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 33, 351-359.

  • Davidson, R. J., Kabat-Zinn, J., Schumacher, J., Rosenkranz, M., Muller, D., Santorelli, S. F., et al. (2003). Alterations in brain and immune function produced by mindfulness meditation. Psychosomatic Medicine, 65, 564-570.

  • Gaudiano, B. A., & Herbert, J. D. (2006). Acute treatment of inpatients with psychotic  symptoms using Acceptance and Commitment Therapy. Behavior Research and Therapy, 44, 415-437.

  • Kabat-Zinn, J., Wheeler, E., Light, T., Skillings, A., Scharf, M. J., Cropley, T. G., et al. (1998). Influence of a mindfulness meditation-based stress reduction intervention on rates of skin clearing in patients with moderate to severe psoriasis undergoing phototherapy (UVB) and photochemotherapy (PUVA). Psychosomatic Medicine, 60, 625-632.

  • Kabat-Zinn, J., Wheeler, E., Light, T., Skillings, A., Scharf, M. J., Cropley, T. G., et al. (2003). Part II: Influence of a mindfulness meditation-based stress reduction intervention on rates of skin clearing in patients with moderate to severe psoriasis undergoing phototherapy (UVB) and photochemotherapy (PUVA). Constructivsm in the Human Sciences, 8, 85-106.

  • Linehan M. M., Comtois K. A., Murray A. M., Brown M. Z., Gallop R. J., et al. (2006). Two-year randomized controlled trial and follow-up of dialectical behavior therapy vs therapy by experts for suicidal behaviors and borderline personality disorder. Arch. Gen. Psychiatry, 62, 1-10.

  • Lynch, T. R., Trost, W. T., Salsman, N., & Linehan, M. M. (2007). Dialectical behaviour therapy for borderline personality disorder. Annual Review Clinical Psychology, 3, 181-205.

  • Marlatt, G. A., Witkiewitz, K., Dillworth, T. M., Bowen, S. W, Parks, G. A,  Macpherson, L. M., et al. (2004). Vipassana meditation as a treatment for alcohol and drug use disorders. In S. C. Hayes, V. M. Folette, & M. M. Linehan (Eds.), Mindfulness and acceptance: Expanding the cognitive behavioral tradition (pp. 261–287). New York: Guilford Press.

  • Robinson, F., Mathews, H., & Witek-Janusek, L. (2003). Psycho-endocrine-immune  response to mindfulness-based stress reduction in individuals infected with the human immunodeficiency virus: A quasiexperimental study. Journal of  Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 9, 683-694.

  • Winbush, N. Y., Gross, C. R., & Kreitzer, M. J. (2007). The effects of mindfulnessbased stress reduction on sleep disturbance: A systematic review. Explore, 3, 585-591.

Bronnen/internationale onderzoeksinstituten

  • AMRA, American Mindfulness Research Association

  • Radboud Universitair Medisch Centrum voor mindfulness 

  • Center for Mindfulness in Medicine, Health Care and Society (Worcester, Massachusetts, VS)

  • Centre for Mindfulness Research and Practice (Bangor, Wales, UK)

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